MUSES
There was a time when the Muses were the goddesses of inspiring springs. Then they became the representatives of poetry, the arts and science and sources of inspiration.From their name words such as music, museum, mosaic are derived. Homer refers to them as one Muse and as many Muses, living on Olympus. Hesiod refers to them as 9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, who were born in Pieria. Calliope, Muse of epic song, Clio, Muse of history, Euterpe, Muse of lyric song, Thalia, Muse of comedy and bucolic poetry, Melpomene, Muse of tragedy, Terpsichore, Muse of dance, Erato, Muse of erotic poetry Polyhymnia, Muse of sacred song, and Urania, Muse of astronomy.

Apollo were the muses brother and their parents were Zeus and Mnemosyne, the first muse and goddess of memory. She produced nine muses from sleeping with Zeus for nine nights. The Muses sat near the throne of Zeus, and sang of his greatness and of the origin of the world and its inhabitants and the glorious deeds of the great heroes.
The Muses were brought to life to make the world disremember the evil and relieve the sorrows and to praise the gods, and especially the Olympian Gods' victory over their ancestors, the Titans
. Women today are searching for meaning, passion and inspiration. We devote ourselves to a spiritual path, become politically active, or immerse ourselves in our chosen art or career. we question the purpose of our lives, and seek another inner or outer means of experiencing substance and joy if we never become attuned to our deepest sources of fulfillment, and learn to replenish ourselves by evoking our inner Muse or Muses. Each of us has at least one personal Muse, perhaps as many as the legendary nine, or more.

Muses are the patrons of the arts. Art in ancient Greece has influenced on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in Greco-Buddhist art, with ramifications as far as Japan. Following the Renaissance in Europe, the humanist aesthetic and the high technical standards of Greek art inspired generations of European artists. Into the 19th century, the classical tradition derived from Greece dominated the art of the western world.


calliope.jpg
Calliope
callioope_stylus_and_tablet.jpg
Tablet and stylus
erato.jpg
Erato
erato_lyre.jpg
Lyre
euterpe.jpg
euterpe_flute.jpg
Flute
terpsichore.jpg
terpischore
terpsichore_flute.jpg
Flute


polyhymnia.jpg
Polyhymnia
polyhymnia_veil.jpg
Veil
melpomene.jpg
melpomene
melpomene_tragic.jpg
Tragic mask
thalia.jpg
Thalia
thalia_comic.jpg
Comic mask
clio.jpg
Clio
clio_laurel_clown.jpg
Laurel Crown
urania.jpg
Urania
urania_globe.jpg
Globe


Fun Fact: In a myth, it is said the king of what is now Macedonia had nine daughters he named after the muses. When his daughters had a singing contest with the muses and lost, they got turned into birds.

Fun Fact: In another myth, the muses were in a singing contest with the Sirens (beautiful women with the bodies of birds) and won once again. The muses punished the Sirens by plucking out their feathers. The Sirens were persuaded into the contest by Hera, who banished them to a deserted island. They are known to sing to bring seamen into their bay, where they would devour them when they landed on the island. Hey, they had to eat something!

Sources of Inspiration and Fulfillment

Self-development
Creative expression
Arts appreciation
Body
Sexuality
Sports
Love
Friendship
Family
Children
Home
Daily life
Organizations
Groups
politics
Work
Work relationships
Success/mastery
Craftsmanship
Education/learning
Service
Hobbies and pay
entertainment
Nature
spirituality
Insight
travel

Sources: http://www.answers.com/topic/art-in-ancient-greece-1
http://www.webwinds.com/thalassa/muses6.htm
http://www.funtrivia.com/en/Humanities/The-Muses-4549.html

http://www.greek-gods.info/ancient-greek-gods/muses/#muses-role